Web Survey Bibliography
Title Sex, gender and self-concept: Understanding Internet usage rates for relationship-building applications
Author Hupfer, M. E., Detlor, B.
Access date 13.10.2005
Presentation Research concerning sex differences in Internet usage suggests greater interest among females in applications with relationship implications, and commonly refers to gender roles to explain such behaviors. However, we propose that a better understanding of sex differences in Internet usage can be achieved if agentic and communal traits were measured rather than assumed from biological sex. Here, the “male” agentic role is concerned with self, whereas the “female” communal role encompasses concern for others as well as the self. To test this proposition, we conducted a Web-based survey of approximately 400 business school respondents, and collected self-reports of usage frequency for Internet applications with relational implications. These included e-mailing close or more casual acquaintances, using instant messaging or chat, finding new friends and relationships, and using greeting card applications. In addition to respondent sex, we collected two scales that measured gender-related self-concept traits. Self-Orientation tapped agency (independent, self-reliant, self-sufficient, am my own person and make my own choices), while Other-Orientation reflected concern for others (understanding, compassionate, nurturing, sensitive to needs of others, and sympathetic). For each usage frequency variable, we conducted regression analyses that included parameters for sex and the polynomial mean function for Self- and Other-Orientation. With the exception of instant messaging, where neither sex nor self-concept predicted usage frequency, we found that the trait scales augmented or superseded sex as a predictor. Speaking generally, we found that higher levels of Other-Orientation were associated with higher use rates. The relationships among self-concept, sex and using the Web to form new relationships were the most complex among those observed. Higher levels of Other-Orientation were associated with higher use frequency while the opposite was true of Self-Orientation. Furthermore, a marginal interaction between Self- and Other-Orientation indicated that Self-Orientation had a greater impact when respondents had lower or moderate levels of Other-Orientation. Although in its preliminary stages, this research indicates that agentic and communal trait measures may add greater insight to our understanding of Internet usage behavior than sex alone.
Access/Direct link Conference (abstract)
Bibliographic typeConferences, workshops, tutorials, presentations
Year of publication2005
Web Survey Bibliography - Research on Internet (665)
- Reaching young adult smokers through the Internet: Comparison of three recruitment mechanisms; 2010; Ramo, D. E., Hall, S. M., Prochaska, J. J.
- Using the Internet to Survey Small Towns and Communities: Limitations and Possibilities in the Early...; 2010; Smyth, J. D., Dillman, D. A., Christian, L. M., O'Neill, A. C.
- Where Is the unproctored Internet testing train headed now?; 2009; Tippins, N. T.
- Recovering the scientist-practitioner model: How IOs should respond to unproctored internet testing; 2009; Beaty, J. C. et al.
- Internet alternatives to traditional proctored testing: Where are we now?; 2009; Tippins, N. T.
- Getting data for (business) statistics: What's new? What's next?; 2009; Snijkers, G.
- Exploring mode effects in a panel survey of new businesses; 2009; Santos, B., DesRoches, D.
- Dirty little secrets of online panels. And how the one you select can make or break your study; 2009
- Predicting Tie Strength With Social Media; 2009; Gilbert, E., Karahalios, K.
- A Special Report from the Advertising Research Foundation - The Foundations of Quality Initiative: A...; 2009; Walker, R., Pettit, R., Rubinson, J.
- Social Network Services as Data Sources and Platforms for e-Researching Social Networks; 2009; Ackland, R.
- Methodeneffekte von Web-Befragungen: Soziale ErwŁnschtheit vs. Soziale Entkontextualisierung; 2009; Taddicken, M.
- Internet Measurement of Ad-noting: Sampling and Statistical Issues; 2009; Frankel, M. R., Baim, J., Galin, M., Agresti, J., Augemberg, K.
- Young people, the Internet and Political Participation: Findings of a web survey in Italy, Spain and...; 2009; Calenda, D., Meijer, A.
- Social Attitude Differences between Internet Users and Non-users; 2009; Robinson, J. P., Martin, S. P.
- Why Do I Use the Social Web?” Exploring the Motives of Active and Passive Users via Focus Groups...; 2009; Jers, C., Taddicken, M., Schenk, M.
- International Handbook of Internet Research; 2009; Hunsinger, J., Klastrup, L., Allen, M.
- A usability of a new graphical shopping interface through GlobalPark; 2009; Groenen, P. J. F., Kagie, M.
- Effects of data collection technique on the quality of data: A MTMM study of CATI, CAPI and Online interviews...; 2009; Scherpenzeel, A.
- Effectiveness of incentives in mixed-mode systems: An evaluation of errors & costs; 2009; Vehovar, V.; Lozar Manfreda, K.; Berzelak, N.
- Web-based measurement: Effect of completing single or multiple items per webpage; 2009; Thorndike, F. P., Carlbring, P., Smyth, F. L., Magee, J. C., Gonder-Frederick, L., Ost, L. G., Ritterband...
- Mobile phone surveys in mixed mode environment; 2009; Vehovar, V.
- Effect of incentives and mailing features on online health program enrollment; 2008; Couper, M. P. et al.
- Usability testing; 2008; Roe, D. J.
- Foundation of quality project overview; 2008
- Whose Space? Differences Among Users and Non-Users of Social Network Sites; 2008; Hargittai, E.
- ‘Looking at’, ‘Looking up’ or ‘Keeping up with’ People? Motives...; 2008; Joinson, A. N.
- Objectivity, Reliability, and Validity of Search Engine Count Estimates ; 2008; Janetzko, D.
- More than the digital divide?: Investigating the differences between Internet and non-Internet users; 2008; Zhang, C., Callegaro, M., Thomas, M.
- Internet dating: a British survey; 2008; Gunter, B.
- Social Web Data as a Source for Social Science Research. The Example of a German Online Dating Website...; 2008; Skopek, J., Schmitz, A.
- Use of the Internet as a data collection tool: a methodological investigation of online synchronous...; 2008; Evans, A. R., Elford, J., Wiggins, D.
- The Role of Cash Incentives in Online Panelist Motivations: Experimental Results on Unit Response and...; 2008; Taylor, E.
- Predictors and Barriers to Collecting Data from Early Childhood Educators Using the Web; 2008; Caspe, M., Sonnenfeld, K., Meagher, C., Sprachman, S., Scaturro, G.
- Internet Surveys: Can Statistical Adjustments Eliminate Coverage Bias?; 2008; Dever, J. A., Rafferty, A., Valliant, R. L.
- Eliciting Subjective Expectations in Internet Surveys ; 2008; Delavande, A., Rohwedder, S.
- Internet Research: Developments, problems, and potential; 2008; Welker, M., Matzat, U.
- Response Non-Differentiation and Response Styles in Web-Based Studies: Causes and Consequences ; 2008; Frisina, L. T., Thomas, R. K.
- Cost efficiency in a mixed-mode survey – The Norwegian Rent Marked Survey; 2008; Lagerstrom, B. O.
- Analyzing Social Networks via the Internet; 2008; Hogan, B.
- The effects of incentives in internet panels: a review; 2008; Goeritz, A.
- Asking the age question in mail and online surveys; 2008; Gendall, P., Healey, B.
- Differences between respondents and nonrespondents in an Internet survey recruited from face-to-face...; 2007; Bandilla, W., Blohm, M., Kaczmirek, L. & Neubarth, W.
- Whither statistical metadata?; 2007; Westlake, A.
- Web survey design; 2007; Ma, Q., McCord, M.
- Utility and happiness; 2007; Kimball, M. S., Willis, R.
- The Internet audience. Constitution & measurement; 2007; Bermejo, F.
- Sampling for web surveys; 2007; Rivers, D.
- Case Study: Evolution of Web Interview Capabilities in a Large Commercial Setting ; 2007; Cohen, A.
- Reconstructing childhood health histories using internet panels; 2007; Smith, J. P.