Web Survey Bibliography
Title Sex, gender and self-concept: Understanding Internet usage rates for relationship-building applications
Author Hupfer, M. E., Detlor, B.
Access date 13.10.2005
Presentation Research concerning sex differences in Internet usage suggests greater interest among females in applications with relationship implications, and commonly refers to gender roles to explain such behaviors. However, we propose that a better understanding of sex differences in Internet usage can be achieved if agentic and communal traits were measured rather than assumed from biological sex. Here, the “male” agentic role is concerned with self, whereas the “female” communal role encompasses concern for others as well as the self. To test this proposition, we conducted a Web-based survey of approximately 400 business school respondents, and collected self-reports of usage frequency for Internet applications with relational implications. These included e-mailing close or more casual acquaintances, using instant messaging or chat, finding new friends and relationships, and using greeting card applications. In addition to respondent sex, we collected two scales that measured gender-related self-concept traits. Self-Orientation tapped agency (independent, self-reliant, self-sufficient, am my own person and make my own choices), while Other-Orientation reflected concern for others (understanding, compassionate, nurturing, sensitive to needs of others, and sympathetic). For each usage frequency variable, we conducted regression analyses that included parameters for sex and the polynomial mean function for Self- and Other-Orientation. With the exception of instant messaging, where neither sex nor self-concept predicted usage frequency, we found that the trait scales augmented or superseded sex as a predictor. Speaking generally, we found that higher levels of Other-Orientation were associated with higher use rates. The relationships among self-concept, sex and using the Web to form new relationships were the most complex among those observed. Higher levels of Other-Orientation were associated with higher use frequency while the opposite was true of Self-Orientation. Furthermore, a marginal interaction between Self- and Other-Orientation indicated that Self-Orientation had a greater impact when respondents had lower or moderate levels of Other-Orientation. Although in its preliminary stages, this research indicates that agentic and communal trait measures may add greater insight to our understanding of Internet usage behavior than sex alone.
Access/Direct link Conference (abstract)
Bibliographic typeConferences, workshops, tutorials, presentations
Year of publication2005
Web Survey Bibliography - 2005 (421)
- Behavioral research and data collection via the Internet; 2005; Birnbaum, M. H., Reips, U. -D.
- The Use of Multiple Imputation to Create a Null Data Set from Nonrandomized Job Training Data; 2005; Rubin, D. B.
- Complications When Using Nonrandomized Job Training Data to Draw Causal Inferences; 2005; Raessler, S.
- Inference from non-probability samples in marketing research; 2005; Blyth, B.
- Creative Applications of Selection Bias Modelling in Market Research; 2005; Terhanian, G., Bremer, J.
- Inferential Potential of Non-Probability Samples; 2005; Lynn, P.
- Designing and administering successful web surveys; 2005; Porter, S. R.
- Mixed-mode Surveys Using Mail and Web Questionnaires; 2005; Meckel, M., Baugh, P., Walters, D.
- Web Surveys - Online Interviewing (CAWI); 2005; Gourvennec, Y.
- Sampling procedure, questionnaire design, online implementation; 2005; Jackob, N., Arens, J., Zerback, T.Jowell, R.; de Rouvray, C.
- A Report on the 2005 ISSP Non-Response Survey; 2005; Smith, T. W.
- Modes of Data Gathering in International Survey Research; 2005; Diez-Nicolás, J.
- Comparing Mail and Web-Based Survey Distribution Methods: Results of Surveys to Leisure Travel Retailers...; 2005; Cole, S. T.
- Evaluating Distance Education Programs with Online Surveys; 2005; Gaide, S.
- Survey: Communicators seek ethics guidance; 2005; Walker, G. S.
- Implementing web-surveys for software requirements elicitation; 2005; Belani, H., Pripuzic, K., Kobas, K.
- Online surveys: Possible sources of errors; 2005; Galesic, M.
- Capturing them in the Web: the use of online surveys and the examination of response patterns for first...; 2005; Bond, D.
- Testing for budget constraint effects in a national advisory referendum survey on the Kyoto protocol; 2005; Li, H., Berrens, R. P., Bohara, A. K., Jenkins-Smith, H. C., Silva, C. L., Weimer, D. L.
- Do internet-based surveys increase personal self-disclosure?; 2005; Hanna, R. C., Weinberg, B., Dant, R. P., Berger, P. D.
- All that Glitters is Not Gold: Examining the Perils and Obstacles in Collecting Data on the Internet; 2005; Siah, C. Y.
- The online or e-survey: a research approach for the ICT age; 2005; Glover, D., Bush, T.
- Sexual and Relationship Characteristics Among an Internet-Based Sample of U.S. Men with and without...; 2005; Cameron, A., Rosen, R. C., Swindle, R. W.
- Online-Questionnaire Design: Establishing Guidelines and Evaluating Existing Support; 2005; Lumsden, J., Morgan, W.
- Technology Trends in Survey Data Collection; 2005; Couper, M. P.
- The Status of Wireless Survey Solutions: The Emerging “Power of the Thumb”; 2005; Townsend, L.
- Computers and the Internet: Tools for Youth Empowerment; 2005; Valaitis, R. K.
- Online-Access-Panels Based on Probability Samples: Can they Yield Representative Results?; 2005; Bandilla, W.
- Simple Approaches to Estimating the Variance of the Propensity Score Weighted Estimator Applied on Volunteer...; 2005; Isaksson, A., Lee, Sunghee; de Rouvray, C.
- Adjustment of Web Panel Survey Estimates by Regression Imputation; 2005; Varedian, M.
- Web surveys: inference using weighting and imputation in the survey on graduates; 2005; Biffignandi, S., Fabrizi, E., Pratesi, M., Salvati, N.
- Web surveying academics in seven European countries: challenges encountered; 2005; Smeenk, S., van Selm, M., Eisinga, R.
- Web Data Collection for Mandatory Business Surveys – the respondents’ perspective; 2005; Dowling, Z.
- Response Rates and Data Quality Issues in a Mixed Mode Survey About the Diffusion of the E-Business...; 2005; Biffignandi, S., Fabrizi, E., Zucchi, F., Toninelli, D.
- On the Cost-Efficiency of Mixed-Mode Data Collection with a Web Response Option: Results of a Survey...; 2005; Werner, P., Forsman, G.
- Stated Preference Surveys on Internet – an Effective Method for Finding Passengers’ Preferences...; 2005; Nossum, A.
- Privacy and Self disclosure online: Implications for web-surveys; 2005; Paine, C., Joinson, A. N., Buchanan, T., Reips, U. -D.
- Using Internet-based experiments to study conditions for Web-based surveying; 2005; Reips, U. -D.
- Mixed mode data collection strategies in surveys: An overview; 2005; de Leeuw, E. D.
- In pursuit of equivalent answers to internet and telephone questionnaires; 2005; Dillman, D. A.
- Effects of survey data collection mode on response quality: Implications for mixing modes in cross-national...; 2005; Krosnick, J. A.
- A theoretical framework for the study of mode effects; 2005; Saris, W. E., Voogt, R.
- Mixed mode methods in a world of social isolates, pervasive surveillance, and ubiquitous transaction...; 2005; Groves, R. M.
- The Survey Participation Inventory: What Motivates Respondents to Participate in Online Panels?; 2005; Deutskens, E., de Ruyter, K., Wetzels, M.
- Mode dilemmas in cross-national survey time-series; 2005; Jowell, R.
- The use of material and nonmaterial incentives in Web-based studies: A review; 2005; Goeritz, A.
- Using Computer Games Design to Increase Response Rates; 2005; Baelter, O.
- Do reminders minimize nonresponse at the expense of data quality? An investigation into the effect of...; 2005; Tuten, T. L.
- Nonresponse segments in Internet surveys; 2005; Vehovar, V., Lavtar, D.
- Using Client Side Paradata as Process Quality Indicators in Web Surveys; 2005; Haraldsen, G.