Web Survey Bibliography
Title Using personal digital assistants (PDAs) for the collection of safety belt use data in the field
Source Behavior Research Methods, 38, 1, pp. 158-164
Database Ingenta Select
Access date 22.08.2006
Abstract From 1975 through 2003, because of the use of safety belts, an estimated 180,000 deaths from traffic crashes have been prevented. In order to assess the gains that have been made in safety belt use across the U.S., in individual states, and in communities, belt use surveys are conducted at regular intervals to determine use rates. The most valid method for surveying safety belt use is through direct observation. Direct observation surveys are conducted along roadways by trained researchers looking into passing vehicles and recording safety belt use. This method of data collection has been effective in the past through the use of paper-and-pencil data recording, yet it could be improved through the use of electronic and communication technology. Reported here is a study designed to compare electronic data collection, using personal digital assistants (PDAs), with collection using the traditional paper-and-pencil method during the annual statewide survey of safety belt use in Michigan that we have been conducting since 1984. The goals of the study were to develop a PDA database program for data entry in the field, to directly compare the PDA data collection process with the paper-and-pencil method on both accuracy and speed, and to assess mechanical and environmental factors, such as battery life, screen visibility, and reaction to adverse weather, that may act as limitations to the PDA method, in comparison with the paper-and-pencil method. In a direct comparison of methods, two observers collected data at the same roadway intersections, one using paper and a pencil and one using a PDA equipped with our custom software. The study showed that the PDA method was as fast and as accurate as the paper-and-pencil method. There were no adverse effects on the PDA caused by environmental conditions. The PDA was superior to the paper-and-pencil method in rainy weather and for data collector supervision. In addition, the use of the PDA obviated the need for entry of paper-recorded data into an electronic format. We conclude that the use of PDAs for safety belt field data collection is superior to the paper-and-pencil method. A Web address is given where the custom PDA safety belt data collection software can be obtained free of charge.
Access/Direct link IngentaConnect (full text)
Bibliographic typeJournal article
Year of publication2006
Full text availabilityFurther details
Web Survey Bibliography - Other (451)
- Experience-Based Suggestions for Achieving a High Survey Response Rate; 2006; Bruce, S., Hawkins, P., Sharp, M., Keller, A.
- Successful Web Survey Methodologies for Measuring the Impact of Networked Electronic Services (MINES...; 2006; Franklin, B., Plum, T.
- The Measurement Equivalence of Web-Based and Paper-and-Pencil Measures of Transformational Leadership...; 2006; Cole, M. S., Bedeian, A. G., Feild, H. S.
- An Experimental Study on the Effects of Personalization, Survey Length Statements, Progress Indicators...; 2006; Heerwegh, D., Loosveldt, G.
- Online visual landscape assessment using Internet survey techniques in landscape planning and environmental...; 2006; Roth, M.
- Using personal digital assistants (PDAs) for the collection of safety belt use data in the field; 2006; Vivoda, J. M., Eby, D. W.
- Improving Quality by Lowering Non-Response: A Guideline for Online Surveys; 2006; Jackob, N., Zerback, T.
- Validating the use of Internet survey techniques in visual landscape assessment—An empirical study...; 2006; Roth, M.
- Higher Education and Student Affairs Professionals' Survey Preferences: A Research Note; 2006; Flowers, L. A., Massie, R. F.
- Mobile vs. Fixed-line Surveys in Hong Kong; 2006; Bacon-Shone, J., Lau, L.
- Mobile Phones - Influence on Telephone Surveys; 2006; Kuusela, V., Vehovar, V., Callegaro, M.
- The open research system: a web based metadata and data repository for collaborative research; 2005; Schweik, C. M., Stepanov, A., Grove, J. M.
- Internet-based travel surveys: Selected evidence on response rates, sampling bias and reliability; 2005; Arentze, T., Bos, I., Molin, E., Timmermans, H.
- Similarity and Helping Behavior on the Web: The Impact of the Convergence of Surnames Between a Solicitor...; 2005; Gueguen, N., Pichot, N., Le Dreff, G.
- Web-Based Surveys; 2005; Ellis, B., Zurita, F., Ventura, J.
- Taking pro-action: A survey of potential users before the availability of wireless access and the implementation...; 2005; Holden, H. A., Deng, M.
- Web survey design for predicting performance using network questions; 2005; Coromina, L.
- How Internet Surveys Are Changing Data Collection Practices: The Case of University Student Surveys...; 2005; Dillman, D. A., Allen, T.
- Sampling procedure, questionnaire design, online implementation; 2005; Jackob, N., Arens, J., Zerback, T.Jowell, R.; de Rouvray, C.
- Technology Trends in Survey Data Collection; 2005; Couper, M. P.
- On the Cost-Efficiency of Mixed-Mode Data Collection with a Web Response Option: Results of a Survey...; 2005; Werner, P., Forsman, G.
- Stated Preference Surveys on Internet – an Effective Method for Finding Passengers’ Preferences...; 2005; Nossum, A.
- Mode dilemmas in cross-national survey time-series; 2005; Jowell, R.
- Self-orientation and group-orientation: Intercultural differences in attitudes toward personalized Web...; 2005; Wernher, I., Nerb, J.
- Web-based Surveys: What Do We Know about Data Quality?; 2005; Pineau, V.
- Simple Approaches to Estimating the Variance of the Propensity Score Weighted Estimator Applied on Volunteer...; 2005; Isaksson, A., Lee, Sunghee
- Variance Estimation for Volunteer Panel Web Surveys Using Propensity Score Adjustment and Calibration...; 2005; Lee, Sunghee, Valliant, R. L.
- Migrating to a Web-based Format While Improving the Edit Process for the Public Libraries Survey; 2005; McLaughlin, J. F., Craig, T. L., O'Shea, P.
- An Experimental Comparison Of Web And Telephone Surveys; 2005; Fricker, S., Galesic, M., Tourangeau, R., Yan, T.
- Telephone Versus Online Surveys; 2005; Williams, T.
- Successful Web Survey Methodologies for Measuring the Impact of Networked Electronic Services; 2005; Franklin, B., Plum, T.
- Combining Operations Management and Information Systems Curricula: Assessing Alumni Preparations for...; 2005; Silva, D., McFadden, K. L.
- Online Interviews as an Instrument of the Development of Organizations. A Meta-Analysis of Online Surveys...; 2005; Poetschke, M., Simonson, J.
- Perceptions of journal quality and research paradigm: results of a web-based survey of British accounting...; 2005; Lowe, A., Locke, J.
- How to conduct behavioral research over the Internet: A begginer s guide to HTML and CGI/Perl; 2004; Fraley, R. C.
- Apache, MySQL, and PHP for Web surveys; 2004; Goeritz, A.
- Web Surveys in Library Research; 2004; Steffensen, J. B.
- An Experimental Study of Language Intensity and Response Rate in E Mail Surveys; 2004; Andersen, P. A., Blackburn, T. R.
- Internet-Based Surveys to Elicit the Value of Risk Reductions; 2004; Hojman, P., de Dios Ortúzar, J., Rizzi, L.
- SFSU Student Voting Survey; 2004; Blash, L., Kosheleva-Coats, J.
- Usability Issues Associated with Converting Establishment Surveys to Web-Based Data Collection; 2004; Fox, J. E., Mockovak, W., Fisher, S. K., Rho, C.
- Choosing the Right Survey Methodology – Telephone or Web?; 2004; Andrew Lester & Associates
- Profile, needs, and expectations of information professionals: What we learned from the 2003 ASIST membership...; 2004; Vaughan, L., Hahn, T. B.
- Valuation of Natural Resource Improvements in the Adirondacks; 2004; Banzhaf, S., Burtraw, D., Evans, D., Krupnick A.
- Assessing Internet Survey Data Collection Methods with Ethnic Nurse Shift Workers.; 2004; Hobbs, B. B., Farr, L. A.
- Nurses' autonomy: influence of nurse managers' actions; 2004; Mrayyan, M. T.
- Online Data Collection from Video Game Players: Methodological Issues; 2004; Wood, R. T. A., Griffiths, M. D., Eatough, V.
- The Influence of Graphical and Symbolic Language Manipulations on Responses to Self-Administered Questions...; 2004; Christian, L. M., Dillman, D. A.
- Internet research: privacy, ethics and alienation: an open source approach; 2004; Berry, D. M.
- A Wish List for the Future of CASIC at the National Agricultural Statistics Service; 2004; Manning, A.