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Web Survey Bibliography

Title Connecting Social Capital Offline and Online: The Effects of Internet Uses on Civic Community Engagement
Author Nah, S.
Year 2004
Access date 11.05.2009

This paper examines how offline civic community is connected to online civic community, considering the role of community contexts and communication in the context of social capital. Specifically, this study takes into account three groups of antecedents: 1) demographics, 2) community contexts (i.e., home ownership, religious services attendance, neighborhood intimacy, and community satisfaction), 3) communication, such as the length of Internet use both in home and work, to predict both online and offline community engagement, and in turn, its relationship between online and offline community engagement. Hypotheses were tested using data collected from the 2001 (January) Communities and the Internet Survey of the Pew Internet and American Life Project conducted by the Princeton Survey Research Associates. As a whole, the model for online community engagement explained 14.1% of the variance with the times of Internet uses both in home and work, and offline community engagement being three of the strongest predictors along with neighborhood intimacy, religious services attendance, gender, age, education income and race/ethnicity. The model for offline community engagement explained 18.5% of the variance with religious services attendance and neighborhood intimacy being two of the strongest predictors along with online community engagement, gender, education, and race/ethnicity. These analyses show that Internet use is positively related with both offline and online community engagement. Also, analyses show that network characteristic of neighborhood intimacy and religious services attendance can contribute to both offline and online community activities. Finally, the results suggest that offline civic community is closely related to online civic community through community context and Internet use. In particular, if online community activities are associated with physically based offline community activities, they may be closely connected each other. Implications for future research on civic community, social capital and civic society are discussed.

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Year of publication2004
Bibliographic typeConferences, workshops, tutorials, presentations

Web survey bibliography - 2004 (519)