Web Survey Bibliography
ELVIRE is a survey in two parts, each with its own self-administered web questionnaire. Conducted by the French National Demographic Institute, it aimed to investigate the languages used by the researchers working in the French public research Institutes and Universities. The rst part of the survey (called Unit) was sent to about 4000 heads of all the public research units. The questionnaire was available on-line for four months (December 2007 to March 2008). The second part (called Individual) was an open survey (without previous sampling) addressed to all researchers and PhD students working in these units. The questionnaire was available between November and December 2008.
The purpose of this paper is to describe the strategies implemented in order to reduce non-response to the Unit part and to measure the impact of non-response bias. As a self-administered web survey, a high non- response rate was expected, all the more because of the duration of the questionnaire (more than 1 hour on average) and the respondents' limited availability (overworked unit heads). However, 54% of the heads lled out the questionnaire. Among other strategies described by the paper, a special eort was made to contact the heads individually several times, alternating a variety of means. After sending one letter and if no answer or no completed questionnaire two emails to each of them, a follow-up phone call was made one month later. The interviewers had to contact the potential respondents and persuade them to ll out the questionnaire or else obtain a reason for their refusal. All information was coded in a data le. This telephone contact not only increased the response rate by 24 percent points (from 30 to 54%) but also oered a source of information on respondents reactions and the reasons for their refusal. To better understand these reactions, two other sources, more qualitative in nature, will be mobilized. First, the e-mails exchanged between the survey team and the respondents. Second, the eld of the questionnaire especially dedicated to respondents comments on the quality of the questionnaire.
Furthermore, the comparison with the Individual part (almost 9000 responses) may give additional clues about the impact of some factors, such as the questionnaire design (more functional and attractive in the second part); its length (20 min instead of 1 hour); or the respondents' status.
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Web Survey Bibliography - France (33)
- Research Intentions are Nothing without Technology: Mixed-Method Web Surveys and the Coberen Wall of...; 2013; Ganassali, S., Rodriguez-Santos, C.
- Google et Médiamétrie créent une audience bimédia; 2012; Gonzales, P.
- Combining web and face-to-face in travel surveys: comparability challenges?; 2012; Bayart, C., Bonnel, P.
- Mobile, webmail, desktops: Where are we viewing email now?; 2011
- DIME-SHS; 2011; Lesnard, L.
- Vademecum: COST instruments, Core Group Meeting; 2011
- How do Respondents Perceive a Questionnaire? The Contribution of Open-ended Questions; 2011; Markou, E., Garnier, B.
- Separation of selection bias and mode effect in mixed-mode survey – Application to the face-to...; 2011; Bayart, C., Bonnel, P.
- Comparison between web-based and paper versions of a self-administered anthropometric questionnaire; 2010; Touvier, M., Méjean, C., Kesse-Guyo, E., Malon, A.Castetbon, K., Hercberg, S., Pollet, C.
- Audipresse Premium: Using The Internet To Help Measure Press Readership ; 2009; Saint-Joanis, G., Néraudau, J.
- Methodological Tests On Online Research: Incidence Of Formal Aspects/Questionnaire Layout On The Results...; 2009; Schmutz, B., Lê Van Truoc, O.
- The mixing of survey modes: application to Laon web and face‐to‐face household travel survey...; 2009; Bayart, C., Bonnel, P.
- Individual Follow-up of the Target Population: the Plural Strategies of a Web Survey; 2009; Markou, E., de Cledat, B., Razafindratsima, N., Laurent, R., Issenhuth, P.
- What to do if Probability Sampling is Impossible in a Web Survey?; 2009; Markou, E., Razafindratsima, N., de Cledat, B., Issenhuth, P., Laurent, R.
- Response latency as an indicator of optimizing in online questionnaires; 2009; Callegaro, M., Yang, Y., Bhola, D. S., Dillman, D. A., Chin, T. -J.
- Acceptability of the use of new technologies by interviewees in surveys; 2009; Roux, S., Marchal, P., Armoogum, J.
- Anytime, Anywhere Mobile Interviewing: Comparing Mobile Voice and Web Response Patterns; 2009; Petit, F. C.
- The Influence of the Design of Web Survey Questionnaires on the Quality of Responses; 2008; Ganassali, S.
- Online access panels and tracking research. The conditioning issue; 2007; Nancarrow, C., Cartwright, T.
- Response Order Effects in International Online Surveys; 2006; Thomas, R. K., Greenfield, S., Bremer, J.
- Web surveys questionnaire design and quality of responses; 2006; Ganassali, S.
- Trust, Identity, and the Effects of Voting Technologies on Voting Behavior; 2005; Oostveen, A. M., Besselaar, P.
- Aux Abonnes Absents: Liste Rouge Et Telephone Portable Dans Les Enquetes En Population Generale Sur...; 2005; Beck, F., Legleye, S., Peretti-Watel, P.
- Sampling procedure, questionnaire design, online implementation; 2005; Jackob, N., Arens, J., Zerback, T.Jowell, R.; de Rouvray, C.
- Web surveying academics in seven European countries: challenges encountered; 2005; Smeenk, S., van Selm, M., Eisinga, R.
- Response effects in Europe; 2004; Basso Larsen, R., Rathod, S.
- Conducting market research using the Internet: the case of Xenon Laboratories; 2004; Lockett, A., Blackman, I.
- Asking about quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption before asking the CAGE questions produces...; 2004; Etter, J. -F.
- E-voting: participation, turn out, and digital divide; 2004; Oostveen, A.-M., Besselaar, P.
- Mobile phone in sample surveys; 2002; Roy, G., Vanheuverzwyn, A.
- Controlling the Uncontrollable. Towards the Perfect Web Sample; 1998; Dahlen, M.
- Web Interviewing. Validating the Application of Web Interviewing Using a Comparative Study on the Telephone...; 1998; Findlater, A., Kottler, R. E.
- Generalized raking procedures in survey sampling; 1993; Deville, J. C., Sarndal, C. E., Sautory, O.