Web Survey Bibliography
Background: There is substantial interest in use of the Internet for surveys, but there have been few health-oriented, large, randomized trials of general population surveys on the Internet. It is unclear whether providing the option to respond via Internet increases the response rate, and to what degree the results will differ.
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in response rate and outcomes in a postal respiratory health survey by adding an optional Web response alternative.
Methods: This was a randomized trial of a random sample of 4213 permanent residents of Norway, aged 20-40 years. Participants were randomized into a traditional survey arm, where they were asked to return the survey by mail, and an arm where they were also offered the option to respond via a Web form.
Results: A total of 1928/4213 subjects responded, a response rate of 45.8% across both arms. The total response rate was 44.8% (944/2105) in the postal plus optional Internet response arm and 46.7% (984/2108) in the usual postal survey arm, with no statistically significant difference between the randomized groups (P = .24). In the optional Internet arm, 8.3% (175/2105) of the sample responded using the Internet and 36.5% (769/2105) responded by post. Thus, Internet response was chosen by 18.5% (175/944) of those who replied in the optional Internet arm. In the multivariate analysis, Internet response was associated with being male, frequency and type of Internet access (home users more likely to respond by Internet than work users), and smoking habit, with current smokers being more likely to be Internet responders. 57% preferred postal response (1102/1928), 38% preferred Internet response (733/1928), and 3% preferred telephone interview (54/1928), with no difference between randomization arms (P = .56). But among those who indicated that they preferred the Internet response and who were randomized to the optional Internet arm, only 47% actually chose the Internet response. Asthma prevalence was higher among participants choosing the Internet response mode (16.7% vs 12.4%).
Conclusions: We failed to increase survey response rates by adding an optional Internet response. Asthma diagnosis was higher in the Internet response group, suggesting nonresponse bias. Method comparison studies should be carried out before Internet studies are accepted in new populations or new subject matters.
Journal of Medical Internet Research - Homepage (abstract) / (full text)
Web Survey Bibliography - 2007 (370)
- Handbook on Data Quality Assessment Methods and Tools; 2007; Ehling, M. (ed.), Koerner, T. (ed.), Bergdahl, M., Elvers, E., Foeldesi, E., Kron, A., Lohauss, P.,...
- Toward a Definition of Mixed Methods Research; 2007; Johnson, R. B., Onwuegbuzie, A. J., Turner, L. A.
- Sample bias, weights and efficiency of weights in a continuous web voluntary survey; 2007; de Pedraza, P., Tijdens, K., de Bustillo, R.
- What is Sexual Harassment? It Depends on Who Asks! Framing Effects on Survey Responses; 2007; Galesic, M., Tourangeau, R.
- Mixing modes of data collection in surveys: A methodological review; 2007; Roberts, C.
- Differences between respondents and nonrespondents in an Internet survey recruited from face-to-face...; 2007; Bandilla, W., Blohm, M., Kaczmirek, L. & Neubarth, W.
- XSight and the shaping of Marketing Analytics; 2007; Birks, D. F.
- Whither statistical metadata?; 2007; Westlake, A.
- What's the time? Relations between interview periods and output periods in surveys; 2007; Lound, C. et al.
- Web survey design; 2007; Ma, Q., McCord, M.
- Web survey and representativeness: Close to three in ten Canadians do not have access to the Internet...; 2007; Bourque, C., Lafrance, S.
- Video mediated communication: Implications for surveys; 2007; Anderson, A. H.
- Utopia - a complete research management system; 2007; Brandwood, T.
- Utility and happiness; 2007; Kimball, M. S., Willis, R.
- Triple-S: The broader horizon; 2007; Wright, G.
- The use of seasonal adjustment software within the Office for National Statistics; 2007; Hussain, F., McLaren, C. H., Stuttard, N.
- The Internet audience. Constitution & measurement; 2007; Bermejo, F.
- The influence of advance letters on response in telephone surveys; 2007; de Leeuw, E. D., Callegaro, M., Hox, J., Korendijk, E., Lensvelt-Mulders, G. J.
- The impact of cookie deletion on the accuracy of site-server and ad-server metrics: An empirical comScore...; 2007; Abraham, M., Meierhoefer, C., Lipsman, A.
- The difficulty of understanding social survey questionnaires from the published documentation; 2007; Hughes, G. N.
- The challenge of geocoding large-scale travel surveys; 2007; J.Smith, A. J.
- The case for publishing (some) online polls; 2007; Taylor, H.
- Surveys interviews and new communication technologies; 2007; Schober, M. F., Conrad, F. G.
- Survey data, context and event data; 2007; Stoop, I.
- Spoken and multimodal dialog systems for survey research; 2007; Johnston, M.
- Software licence agreements: Just what are you agreeing to when you press the ''Accept'...; 2007; Sampson, P., Wills, P.
- Software design tips for online surveys; 2007; Artz, J. M.
- Simple rating scale formats. Exploring extreme response; 2007; Albaum, G. et al.
- Sampling in online surveys; 2007; Beidernikl, G., Kerschbaumer, A.
- Sampling for web surveys; 2007; Rivers, D.
- Response option ordering: Reconciliating meanings conveyed by rating scale position and label. Unpublished...; 2007; Garland, P., Krosnick, J. A.
- Research synthesis: The practice of cognitive interviewing; 2007; Beatty, P. C., Willis, G. B.
- Case Study: Evolution of Web Interview Capabilities in a Large Commercial Setting ; 2007; Cohen, A.
- Reporting societal events to facilitate the interpretation of survey results; 2007; Zuell, C., Landmann, J.
- Reliability, equivalence and respondent preference of computerized versus paper-and-pencil mental health...; 2007; Wijndaele, K. et al.
- Reconstructing childhood health histories using internet panels; 2007; Smith, J. P.
- Qualitative data exchange: Methods and tools; 2007; Corti, L.
- Problems with surveys among ethnic minorities in the Netherlands; 2007; Kappelhof, J.
- Pilot study to recruite a sample for an online panel: Effects of contact mode, incentives and information...; 2007; Scherpenzeel, A.
- Overcoming challenges to conducting online surveys; 2007; Ye, J.
- Opportunities and constraints of electronic research; 2007; Roberts, L. D.
- Online-questionnaire design guidelines; 2007; Lumsden, J.
- Online market research, 5th Edition; 2007; Comley, P.
- Online access panels and tracking research. The conditioning issue; 2007; Nancarrow, C., Cartwright, T.
- Nicht-reaktive datenerhebung: Teinahmeverhalten bei befragungen mit paradaten evaluieren. [Non reactive...; 2007; Kaczmirek, L., Neubarth, W.
- New technologies and tools for study management: Designing, implementing and maintaining a Web-based...; 2007; Courtney, L. et al.
- Multiple imputation: review of theory, implementation and software; 2007; Harel, O., Zhou, X. H.
- More honest answers to surveys? A Study of data collection mode effects; 2007; Dennis, J. M., Li, R. J.
- Modes, trends, and content: A comparison of the 2003 HRS internet survey with HRS 2002 and 2004 Core...; 2007; Weir, D.
- Mixed-mode surveys with Netservey; 2007; Papagiannidis, S., Li, F.