Web Survey Bibliography
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) conducted a survey to measure the time and money that individuals spend on pre-filing and filing activities in response to the requirements of the U.S. federal tax system. The sampling frame was taxpayers who filed a 2007 income tax return in 2008.
The data collection protocol depended on whether the sampled taxpayer could be matched to a telephone number. Telephone numbers were found for approximately 76 percent of the sampled taxpayers and these were classified as ‘telephone matches’, the remainder are ‘nonmatches.’ Both groups were sent an initial mailing providing a detailed description of the purpose of the survey along with a letter from an IRS executive emphasizing the importance of the study and ensuring that the information collected would not be used for enforcement purposes. It also included a one-dollar bill as “an attention getter” and indicated that respondents would receive $25 if they completed the survey.
In the initial mailing, the telephone matches were informed they could wait for a call from the survey administrator or complete the survey on-line by going to a specified URL. The “non-matches” group members were sent a letter that provided the web address (URL) and were told a mail questionnaire was being sent.
The overall response rate was 47.7 percent. Of the three-fourths that were telephone matches (76.2 percent), the response rate for the matched cases was 51.6 percent; the response rate for the nonmatches (23.8 percent) was 35.2 percent. One interesting finding is that a surprisingly high percentage responded by the web. Overall, 28 percent of all the responses were completed on-line, which is higher than in other data collection efforts that have been reported in the literature.
This paper explores characteristics of respondents and non-respondents and highlights those who responded on-line.
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Web Survey Bibliography - Politics (134)
- Web Versus Outbound: A Mode Face-Off Following the Presidential Debate; 2013; Marlar, J.
- Mode Matters: Evaluating Response Comparability in a Mixed-Mode Survey; 2013; Bowyer, B. T., Rogowski, J. C.
- Cognitive Probes in Web Surveys: On the Effect of Different Text Box Size and Probing Exposure on Response...; 2013; Behr, D., Bandilla, W., Kaczmirek, L., Braun, M.
- Using mobile devices to access the realities of youth: How identification with society influences political...; 2013; Smith, M.
- Propensity Score Weighting – Can Personality Adjust for Selectivity?; 2013; Glantz, A., Greszki, R.
- Especially for You: Motivating Respondents in an Internet Panel by Offering Tailored Questions; 2012; Oudejans, M.
- Can Offcial Records Correct Errors in Turnout Self-reports?; 2012; Berent, M., Krosnick, J. A., Lupia, A.
- Item comparability in cross-national surveys: results from asking probing questions in cross-national...; 2012; Behr, D., Braun, M., Kaczmirek, L., Bandilla, W.
- Presidential Elections in Iceland 2012 – Did online panel surveys give false hope to new candidates...; 2012; Jonsdottir, G. A., Dofradottir, A. G., Bjornsdottir, A. E.
- Effects of Technical Difficulties on Item Nonresponse and Response Favorability in a Mixed-Mode Survey...; 2012; Gibson, J. L.
- Where is Neutral? Using Negativity Biases to Interpret Thermometer Scores; 2012; Soroka, S., Albaugh, Q.
- I Got a Feeling: Comparison of Feeling Thermometers with Verbally Labeled Scales in Attitude Measurement...; 2012; Thomas, R. K., Bremer, J.
- Optimal Response Formats for Online Surveys: Branch, Grid, or List?; 2012; Debell, M., Wilson, C., Jackman, S., Figueroa, L., Dropp, K.
- Reducing Overreporting Voter Turnout in Seven European Countries–Results from a Survey Experiment...; 2012; Schwarzer, S., Kritzinger, S., Zeglovits, E.
- Scrutinizing Dynamics – Rolling panel waves in theory and practice; 2012; Faas, T., Blumenberg, J. N.
- The Impact of Mobilization Media on Off-Line and Online Participation: Are Mobilization Effects Medium...; 2012; Vissers, S., Hooghe, M., Stolle, D., Maheo, V.-A.
- Using Internet Survey to Evaluate the Effects of E-Government: The Case of Taiwan's Tax Return Filing...; 2012; Huang, T., Chung, P. L., Naiyi, H.
- Toward wiser public judgment; 2011; Yankelovich, D., Friedman, W.
- Taking the pulse of public opinion: Leading and misleading indicators of the state of the nation; 2011; Bishop, G. F., Mockabee, S. T.
- Moving forward, building an ethics community (Panel statement); 2011; Kenneally, E. et al.
- Motivating voter turnout by invoking the self; 2011; Bryan, C. J. et al.
- Mass informed consent: Evidence on upgrading democracy with polls and new media; 2011; Simon, A. F.
- Latent class analysis of survey error; 2011; Biemer, P. P.
- Knowledge Networks answers to ESOMAR's "25 Questions to Help Research Buyers"; 2011
- E-Census 2011 Portugal: implementation and results of the Pilot Survey; 2011; Vicente, P., Rosa, A., Reis, E.
- A new approach to the analysis of survey drop-out. Results from Follow-up Surveys in the German Longitudinal...; 2011; Rossmann, J., Blumenstiel, J. E., Steinbrecher, M.
- Tracking the decision-making process – Findings from an Online Rolling Cross-Section Panel Study...; 2011; Faas, T.
- Snap judgement polling; 2011; Anderson, K., Wright, M., Wheeler, M.
- Dissemination of survey (meta)data in the LISS data archive; 2011; Streefkerk, M., Elshout, S.
- A Comparison of Branching Response Formats with Single Response Formats; 2011; Thomas, R. K.
- Cognitive interviewing in web surveys: the use of probing questions in cross-national web surveys; 2011; Behr, D., Braun, M., Kaczmirek, L., Bandilla, W.
- Changing research methods in Ukraine: CATI or Mixed-Mode Surveys?; 2011; Paniotto, V., Kharchenko, N.
- Comparison of Web and Mail Responses in a Census of Swedish Local Political Representatives; 2011; Gilljam, M., Granberg, D., Holm, B., Persson, M., Karlsson, D., Sundell, A.
- Why do respondents drop-out from online surveys? Results from follow-up surveys in the German Longitudinal...; 2011; Blumenstiel, J. E., Ro▀mann, J., Steinbrecher, M.
- Is it what you say, or how you say it? Exploring the effects of email messages for online panel surveys...; 2011; Fazekas, Z. Krouwel, A. Wall, M. T.
- Are reluctant panelists worth the effort? Analysis of measurement error in a probability-based Internet...; 2011; Allum, N., Roberts, C., Sturgis, P.
- Surveying the General Population: Coverage bias in European Web Surveys; 2011; de Leeuw, E. D., Hox, J., Mohorko, A.
- Mixed-mode surveys: Do different modes produce different data? Evidence from the Greek Candidate Survey...; 2011; Andreadis, I.
- Examination of Panel Conditioning Effects in a Web-Based 2007-2008 Election Study.; 2011; Dennis, J. M., Kruse, Y., Tompson, T.
- A Comparative Analysis of Voter Misreport in Two Modes of Interviewing: Telephone and Online.; 2011; Winneg, K.
- An Injured Party?: A Comparison of Political Party Response Formats in Party Identification.; 2011; Schwarz, S., Barlas, F. M., Thomas, R. K., Corso, R. A., Szoc, R.
- How to Survey All 14 000 Swedish Local Political Representatives And Get 10 000 Responses.; 2011; Gilljam, M.; Granberg, D.; Holm, B.; Persson, M.
- Method Effects and Robo-polls; 2011; van Lohuizen, J., Samohyl, R. W.
- Studying Political Behavior: A Comparison of Internet and Telephone Surveys; 2011; Stephenson, L. B., Crête, J.
- Measuring Political Knowledge in Telephone and Web Surveys: A Cross-National Comparison; 2011; Strabac, Z., Aalberg, T.
- Online panel survey, Change and stability of political attitudes; 2010
- News Platform Preference: Advancing the Effects of Age and Media Consumption on Political Participation...; 2010; Bachmann, I., Kaufhold, K., Lewis, S. C., de Zuniga, H. G.
- Response Mode and Bias Analysis in the IRS' Individual Taxpayer Burden Survey; 2010; Masken, K., Contos, G., Nord, R., Brick, J. M.
- Selection Bias in Web Surveys and the Use of Propensity Scores in Forecasting the Result of the 2009...; 2010; Musch, J., Ullrich, S., Diedenhofen, D.
- Considering Mixed Mode Surveys for Questions in Political Behavior: Using the Internet and Mail to Get...; 2010; Atkeson, L. R., Adams, A. N., Bryant, L. A., Zilberman, L., Saunders, K.