Web Survey Bibliography
Internet-based experiments are characterized by the physical absence of an experimenter and the difficulty to provide a standardized experimental arrangement. How does this affect internal validity and precision? Three experiments on different psychological questions, following studies by Heider and Simmel (1944), Morris and Stevens (1974), and Moyer (1973), were conducted in the virtual laboratory Lab.OR. To different degrees each of the selected experiments demanded commitment of participants and features measurements, which are usually considered susceptible to external disturbances. Each experiment was conducted as an Internet-based experiment and, using WLAN-notebooks, additionally in two other settings (laboratory rooms / public rest areas on campus), so that the degree of standardization of the experimental arrangement was varied. While the experimenter was virtually present in the Internet-based experiments, the kind of physical presence of the experimenter was varied in the laboratory and campus settings: either he was actively involved and gave oral instructions, or he just attended the experiment, but did not play an active part while all information was provided on the computer's screen.
Results show that all experiments provide equally valid and precise results, independent of setting or mode of presence of the experimenter. Taking into account the different psychological variables studied in the different experiments, some interesting effects were found: Participants' performance was affected by the kind of presence of the experimenter, when they had to write an elaborate report, but not when response latencies or recall rates were obtained. Lack of standardization of the environment did only affect response rates: performance in laboratory and Internet settings was superior to campus setting.
Implications for experimental online research and the potential of using the virtual laboratory Lab.OR in teaching experimental psychology to point out methodological specifics of online-experiments conducted in different settings are discussed.
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Web Survey Bibliography - 2006 (254)
- Adult gadget ownership over time (2006-2012); 2012
- Internet Versus Paper Mode of Health and Health Behavior Questionnaires in Elementary Schools: Asthma...; 2006; Mangunkusumo, R. T., Duisterhout, J. S., de Graaff, N., Maarsingh, E. J., de Koning, H. J., Raat, H.
- A short introduction to usability in online surveys; 2006; Kaczmirek, L.
- Measuring task-specific perceptions of the world wide web ; 2006; Page-Thomas, K.
- Comparison of Web and mail surveys for studying secondary consequences associated with substance use...; 2006; McCabe, S. E., Couper, M. P., Cranford, J. A., Boyd, C. J.
- Oversurveying: Causes, Consequences, and Cures; 2006; Weiner, S. P., Dalessio, A. T.
- Online Reporting: Real Time, Real Impact, Real Opportunities ; 2006; Barbera, K. M., Young, S.
- Online Surveys: Critical Issues in Using the Web to Conduct Surveys; 2006; Fenlason, K., Suckow-Zimberg, K.
- Getting Action from Organizational Surveys: New Concepts, Technologies, and Applications; 2006; Kraut, A. I.
- Survey Methodology; 2006; Nusser, S. M.
- Web-based survey techniques. A synthesis of Transit practice; 2006
- Web 2.0 & panels. The shift from lectures to conversations; 2006; Cook, M., Buckley, N.
- Unproctored internet testing in employment settings; 2006; Tippins, N. T. et al.
- Understanding people. Sample matching; 2006; Rivers, D.
- The power of the visible: Visual design for Web surveys; 2006; Couper, M. P.
- The power of survey design: A user's guide for managing surveys, interpreting results, and influencing...; 2006; Iarossi, G.
- The internet response method: Impact on the Canadian Census of population data; 2006; Roy, L., Laroche, D.
- The effect of conditioning when re-interviewing; 2006; Cartwright, T., Nancarrow, C.
- The anonymous elect. Market research through online access panels; 2006; Postoaca, A.
- Testing on the Internet: Issues, challenges and opportunities in the field of occupational assessment...; 2006; Bartram, D.
- Statistics for real-life sample surveys: non-simple-random samples and weighted data; 2006; Dorofeev, S., Grant, P.
- SMS and WAP: The shortcut to fast and better research response?; 2006; Pearson, C. et al.
- Sample matching. Representative sampling from Internet panels; 2006; Rivers, D.
- Research-based web design & usability guidelines; 2006
- Research quality: The next MR industry challenge; 2006; Dedeker, K.
- Rating scale format choices for multi-item measures: Does numbering and balanced-ness matter?; 2006; Meric, H., Wagner, J.
- Order effects in batteries of questions; 2006; Siminski, P.
- Optimizing quality in the use of web-based and computer based testing for personnel selection; 2006; Hornke, L. F., Kersting, M.
- Online marketing research; 2006; Miller, J.
- Need for high quality auxiliary data service for improving the quality of editing and imputation...; 2006; Laaksonen, S.
- Microsoft sues testing material vendors; 2006; Johnston, S. J.
- Introduction to the Special Issue on the ITC - Guidelines on Computer-Based and Internet-Delivered Testing...; 2006; Coyne, I., Bartram, D.
- International Guidelines on Computer-Based and Internet-Delivered Testing; 2006
- How successful I am depends on what number I get: The effects of numerical scale labels and need for...; 2006; Yan, T.
- Greenfield unveils real-time sampling; 2006
- Global market research 2006; 2006
- F-Shaped pattern for reading web content; 2006; Nielsen, J.
- Blocked versus randomized format of questionnaires. A confirmatory multigroup analysis; 2006; Sparfeldt, J. R., Schilling, S. R., Rost, D. H., Rost, D. H., Thiel, A.
- Benefits and challenges of multi-sourcing. Understanding differences between sample sources; 2006; de Gaudemar, O.
- Behavioral self-report measures. International extensions; 2006; Thomas, R. K., Klein, J. D.
- Attitudinal differences. Comparing people who belong to multiple versus single panels; 2006; Casdas, D., Fine, B., Menictas, C.
- Assessing individual respondents' quality. An innovative scoring system; 2006; Loeb, C.,Hartmann, A.
- Advanced techniques and technologies in online research; 2006; Allred, C. R.; Smith, J.; Smith, S. M.
- A framework for survey breakoffs; 2006; Peytchev, A.
- Assessing Panel Bias in the Knowledge Networks Panel: Updated Results from 2005 Research ; 2006; Pineau, V., Nukulkij, P., Tang, X.
- The Handbook of Marketing Research. Uses, Misuses, and Future Advances.; 2006; Grover, R., Vriens, M.
- Time in Sample: Searching for Conditioning in a Consumer Panel ; 2006; Arens, Z., Miller-Steiger, D.
- Standard Definitions: Final Dispositions of Case Codes and Outcome Rates for Surveys 2006; 2006
- A Critical Assessment of Online Survey Tools; 2006; Marra, R. M., Bogue, B.
- A dynamic technique for conducting online survey-based research; 2006; Bonometti, R. J., Tang, J.