Web Survey Bibliography
Relevance & Research Question:
The usage of incentives is a widely accepted measure in survey business to enhance response rates. The impact of incentives is extensively tested in the context of mail survey and interviewer mediated modes of data collection. Less is known about incentives in the context of panel recruitment especially for offline-recruited online panels. Furthermore most experimental studies on incentives focus on the response rate as the only outcome variable. The effect of paying respondents on the sample composition has not been given much attention. Even though there is some evidence that some groups that are usually underrepresented in surveys (e.g. low educated) are motivated by the incentive.
Methods & Data:
We conducted three experiments within a telephone recruitment interview for a probability-based online panel during January 2011 and August 2011. At the end of the interview all respondents were asked whether they are willing to join a scientific online panel and fill out online questionnaires on a monthly basis.
In the first experiment we tested conditions 1) and 2). In the second and third experiment conditions 3 through 5 were tested. The interviews of experiment 2 and 3 were conducted by two different institutes and varied in specific interview aspects.
1. 5 Euros + additional 20 Euros bonus for filling out all eight online interviews of the study
2. 10 Euros + 20 Euros bonus
3. 5 Euros, no bonus
4. 2 Euros, no bonus
5. No incentives (control)
The dependent variables are willingness to participate in the online panel, the rate of actual participation in the first online interview, and the overall response rate. The effect of incentive on sample composition is analyzed as well.
Results: First analyses show interesting results. The expected tendency that higher incentives produce higher response rates is confirmed. However, we cannot find any differences in sample composition between the experimental groups.
Added Value: The experiments shed light on usage of incentives during the panel recruitment process. It can be shown that using incentives in the second step of a multistep recruitment process has no (further) implication on panel composition.
GOR Homepage (abstract) / (presentation)
Web Survey Bibliography - Solicitations & incentives (602)
- Effects of Lotteries on Response Behavior in Online Panels; 2013; Goeritz, A., Luthe, S. C.
- Lotteries and study results in market research online panels; 2013; Goeritz, A., Luthe, S. C.
- Using Web Surveys for Psychology Experiments: A Case Study in New Media Technology for Research; 2013; Peden, B. F., Tiry , A. M.
- Sampling, Channels, and Contact Strategies in Internet Survey; 2013; Macrì, E., Tessitore, C.
- Advancing Research Methods with New Technologies; 2013; Sappleton, N.
- Using mobile devices to access the realities of youth: How identification with society influences political...; 2013; Smith, M.
- Do I Have Your Full Attention?; 2013; Cape, P. J.
- Internet-Based Recruitment to a Depression Prevention Intervention: Lessons From the Mood Memos Study...; 2013; Morgan, A. J., Jorm, A. F., Mackinnon, A. J.
- Challenges for Researchers Investigating Contraceptive Use and Pregnancy Intentions of Young Women Living...; 2013; Herbert, D. L., Loxton, D., Bateson, D., Weisberg, E., Lucke, J. C.
- Pros and cons of virtual interviewers – vote in the discussion about surveytainment; 2013; Póltorak, M., Kowalski, J.
- An Assessment of Incentive Versus Survey Length Trade-offs in a Web Survey of Radiologists; 2013; Ziegenfuss, J. Y., Niederhauser, B. D., Kallmes, D., Beebe, T. J.
- The fish model: What factors affect participants while filling in an online questionnaire?; 2013; Mohamed, B., Lorenz, A., Pscheida, D.
- The monetary value of good questionnaire design; 2013; Tress, F.
- Why are you leaving me?? - Personality predictors of answering drop out in an online-study; 2013; Thielsch, M., Nestler, S., Back, M.
- Seducing the respondent – how to optimise invitations in on-site online research?; 2013; Póltorak, M., Kowalski, J.
- E-questionnaire in cross-sectional household surveys; 2013; Karaganis, M.
- Rewards - Money for Nothing?; 2013; Cape, P. J., Martin, P.
- Effects of incentive reduction after a series of higher incentive waves in a probability-based online...; 2013; Struminskaya, B., Kaczmirek, L., Schaurer, I., Bandilla, W.
- Timing of Nonparticipation in an Online Panel: The effect of incentive strategies; 2013; Douhou, S., Scherpenzeel, A.
- Online Research, Game On!; 2013; Puleston, J.
- Examining the Gender Effects of Different Incentive Amounts in a Web Survey; 2013; Boulianne, S. J.
- How Do Lotteries and Study Results Influence Response Behavior in Online Panels?; 2013; Goeritz, A., Luthe, S. C.
- Incentives for college student participation in web-based substance use surveys; 2013; Patrick, M. E., Singer, E., Boyd, C. J., Cranford, J. A., McCabe, S. E.
- Increasing Web Survey Response Rates in Innovation Research: An Experimental Study of Static and Dynamic...; 2013; Sauermann, H.; Roach, M.
- The Impact of Academic Sponsorship on Online Survey Dropout Rates; 2012; Allen, P. J., Roberts, L. D.
- The Use and Effects of Incentives in Surveys; 2012; Singer, E.
- An Empirical Investigation of the Role of the Email Contact in Web Survey Response Rates; 2012; Hsu, H.-Y., Lai, Y.-H., Chin, H.-Y.
- Mode and non-response effects and their treatment; 2012; Chrysanthopoulos, S., Georgostathi, A.
- The role of topic interest and topic salience in online panel web surveys.; 2012; Keusch, F.
- Effects of E-Mailed Versus Mailed Invitations and Incentives on Response Rates, Data Quality, and Costs...; 2012; Dykema, J., Stevenson, J., Klein, L., Kim, Y., Day, B.
- Prenotification, Incentives, and Survey Modality: An Experimental Test of Methods to Increase Survey...; 2012; Tepper, J. R., Jacob, B.
- Effects of Incentives in Surveys; 2012; Toepoel, V.
- Response rates in three opinion surveys performed through online questionnaires in the health setting...; 2012; Aerny Perreten, N., Domínguez-Berjón, M. F., Astray Mochales, J., Esteban-Vasallo, M. D., Blanco Ancos...
- Detecting Satisficing In Online Surveys: What we found ; 2012; Salifu, S.
- Efficiency of Different Recruitment Strategies for Web Panels; 2012; Hansen, K. M., Pedersen, R. T.
- The Mode of Invitation for Web Surveys; 2012; Bandilla, W., Couper, M. P., Kaczmirek, L.
- Recruiting A Probability Sample For An Online Panel: Effects Of Contact Mode, Incentives, And Information...; 2012; Scherpenzeel, A., Toepoel, V.
- Understanding Society Innovation Panel Wave 4: Results from Methodological Experiments; 2012; Burton, J., Budd, S., Gilbert, E., Jaeckle, A., Kaminska, O., Uhrig, S.C. N., Brown, M., Calderwood,...
- The Propensity of Older Respondents to Participate in a General Purpose Survey; 2012; Lynn, P.
- When More Gets You Less: A Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Concurrent Web Options on Mail Survey Response...; 2012; Medway, R., Fulton, J.
- Does Giving People Their Preferred Survey Mode Actually Increase Survey Participation Rates?; 2012; Olson, K., Smyth, J. D., Wood, H.
- Online Data Collection in the Agro-Food Sector; 2012; Biffignandi, S., Artaz, R.
- Predicting potential respondents' decision to participate in web surveys; 2012; Fang, J., Wen, C.
- Case study: Respondent perspective on survey response; 2012; Jarrett, C.
- Effect of different stimulus on data quality in online panels; 2012; Zagar, S., Lozar Manfreda, K.
- Using the Web to Snowball Discussants of Survey Respondents; 2012; Hopmann, D. N.
- Don't rush through the qualitative screening process ; 2012; Dodson, D.
- The Effectiveness of Survey Recruitment Methods in Second Life; 2012; Dean, E., Cook, S., Murphy, J., Keating, M.
- Improving RDD Cell Phone Samples. Evaluation of Different Pre-call Validation Methods; 2012; Kunz, T., Fuchs, M.
- Influencing Mode Choice in a Mixed Mode Survey; 2012; Mooney, G., Lan, F., Lin, X., Hurwitz, A.