Web Survey Bibliography
Comparisons of Web, telephone and face-to-face surveys have conflated differences in sample composition (who participates in each mode) with mode effects (how the same person would respond to questions administered using different modes). Using an experimental design that eliminates differences in sample composition, we estimate mode differences between a self-administered Web survey and a face-to-face interview. The design recruited a diverse set of participants at a central location, secured agreement to participation, and only then randomized interview mode for each participant. To improve efficiency, respondents were randomized in blocks, further controlling differences between the two treatment groups. The experiment demonstrates that there are large mode differences between selfadministered Web interviews and face-to-face interviews. The face-to-face interview causes respondents to moderate attitudes, acquiesce, or give socially appropriate answers to tough questions. The effects are especially pronounced for respondents with low cognitive skills, suggesting that low observed attitude constraint in this group may be an artifact of survey mode.
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Web Survey Bibliography - Rivers, D. (16)
- Using Web Survey Panels to Estimate Population Characteristics: A Comparison of Alternative Approaches...; 2013; Rivers, D.
- The Persistence of Attentiveness in Web Surveys: A Panel Study; 2012; Berinsky, A., Luks, S., Rivers, D.
- Estimating Mode Effects without Bias: A Randomized Experiment to Compare Mode Differences between Face...; 2012; Rivers, D., Vavreck, L.
- Measuring and Stimulating Respondent Attentiveness in Web Surveys.; 2011; Berinsky, A., Luks, S., Rivers, D.
- AAPOR Report on Online Panels; 2010; Rivers, D.
- Improving the Efficiency of Web Survey Experiments; 2008; Luks, S., Rivers, D.
- The “Professional Respondent” Problem in Web Surveys; 2008; Rivers, D.
- Sampling for web surveys; 2007; Rivers, D.
- To Branch or Not to Branch: Item Construction in Web Surveys; 2007; Grosse, A., Luks, S., Rivers, D.
- Understanding people. Sample matching; 2006; Rivers, D.
- Sample matching. Representative sampling from Internet panels; 2006; Rivers, D.
- Advances in Survey Instrumentation: Realizing the Promise of the Internet; 2006; Rivers, D.
- Comparing Major Survey Firms in Terms of Survey Satisficing: Telephone and Internet Data Collection; 2005; Krosnick, J. A., Nie, N., Rivers, D.
- Web Survey Methodologies: A Comparison of Survey Accuracy; 2005; Krosnick, J. A., Nie, N., Rivers, D.
- Pioneer Days: The promise of online polling; 2001; Greenberg, A., Rivers, D.
- Probability-Based Web Surveying: An Overview; 2000; Rivers, D.