Web Survey Bibliography

Title Heuristics and biases as measures of critical thinking: Associations with cognitive ability and thinking dispositions
Source Journal of Educational Psychology, 100, 4, pp. 930-941
Year 2008
Access date 02.05.2013
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In this article, the authors argue that there are a range of effects usually studied within cognitive psychology that are legitimately thought of as aspects of critical thinking: the cognitive biases studied in the heuristics and biases literature. In a study of 793 student participants, the authors found that the ability to avoid these biases was moderately correlated with a more traditional laboratory measure of critical thinking--the ability to reason logically when logic conflicts with prior belief. The correlation between these two classes of critical thinking skills was not due to a joint connection with general cognitive ability because it remained statistically significant after the variance due to cognitive ability was partialed out. Measures of thinking dispositions (actively open-minded thinking and need for cognition) predicted unique variance in both classes of critical thinking skills after general cognitive ability had been controlled.

Year of publication2008
Bibliographic typeJournal article

Web survey bibliography - 2008 ()