Web Survey Bibliography
Church (1993) showed in a meta-analysis that pre-paid monetary incentives - if compared with postpaid and non-monetary incentives - consistently exert the largest positive effect on response rates in Mail surveys. Recently, several new Web-based services have been introduced which can transfer money to people online (e.g., Paypal and Igain). Sending out cash equivalents via e-mail (e.g. with the aid of Paypal) could be one solution, but does this really have the same positive effect on response rates as shown in traditional Mail surveys? In an experiment completed in fall 2001, we investigated this question experimentally in the context of a Web-based survey among members of a professional association in Virginia randomly assigned to one of the following experimental conditions: group 1 received $2 via Paypal within the first contact (´prepaid group´), group 2 was promised to receive $2 upon completion of the survey (´postpaid group´), group 3 was promised to participate in a prize draw upon completion of the survey (two $50 and four $25 prizes, ´prize group´) and group 4 was requested to participate without offering any extrinsic motivators (´control group´). Contrary to the expectations, no significant differences existed between the prepaid, postpaid and control groups concerning their willingness to participate. Surprisingly, the prize group showed the highest participation rate.
SAGE Journals Online (full text)
Web Survey Bibliography - The American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR) 57th Annual Conference, 2002 (35)
- Navigating the Rapids of Change: Some Observations on Survey Methodology in the Early 21st Century; 2002; Dillman, D. A.
- Civic Engagement, Social Trust, and Online Deliberation; 2002; Goldthwaite, D., Price, V., Cappella, J. N.
- A Mixed-mode Internet and Telephone Survey in a Technology-rich Environment; 2002; Marton, K., Sumartojo, R. Kosicki, G. M., Horner, L. R.
- Comparison of Response Rates and Quality of Response in a Survey Conducted by Mail, Email and Web; 2002; Lesser, V. M., Newton, L.
- Face-to-Face vs. Web-enabled Panel Interviews on Magazine Reading: A Mode Comparison; 2002; Mattlin, J.
- Internet-based Survey Research in the U.S. Navy; 2002; Olmsted, M. G.
- Statistical Data Validation in Web Instruments:An Empirical Study; 2002; Peytchev, A., Petrova, E.A.
- Transitioning Phone and Mail Studies to an Online Venue: Factors for Consideration; 2002; Park, J. M., Collier, D.
- U.S. Army Web-based, Internet Surveys; 2002; Lynn, M.
- U. S. Air Force Surveys; 2002; Hamilton, C. H., Datko, L. M., Bell, J.
- A Computer Tool that Helps Survey Methodologists Improve the Comprehensibility of Questions; 2002; Graesser, A., Karnavat, A., Daniel, K. F., Cooper, E., Cai, Z., Whitten, S., Louwerse, M., Bartlett,...
- Using the Internet to Reach an Elite Population: What Works, What Doesn't?; 2002; Grigorian, K. H., Rosenlund, A., Sokolowski, J.
- Combining Online and CATI Data Collection Techniques With Web-Based Reporting to Measurably Improve...; 2002; Feld, K. G., Stone, W. K.
- Triangulation: Three Modes Measuring HIV-Related Knowledge and Stigma in the U.S; 2002; Fichtner, R., Knight, S., Lentine, D.
- Navigation Patterns in Web Surveys; 2002; Ramirez, C. M.
- Why Internet Samples Are Inherently Biased; 2002; Neustadtl, A., Kestnbaum, M., Robinson, J. P.
- Methods for Improving Compliance in Exposure Studies; 2002; Dimitropoulos, L., Thalji, L., Weibe, L.
- The Impact of Privacy and Security Concerns on the Willingness to Provide Sensitive Information about...; 2002; Aoki, K., Elasmar, M. G.
- Mode-Effects in Web Surveys?; 2002; Bandilla, W., Bosnjak, M.
- The Prospects for Electronic Mail Surveys; 2002; Groussett, R., Fournier, A., Kalinowski, L., Best, S. J.
- Prepaid and Promised Incentives in Web Surveys: An Experiment; 2002; Bosnjak, M., Tuten, T. L.
- A Nonresponse Analysis of a Mail-Web Mode Comparison; 2002; Boyd, C. J., Crawford, S. D., McCabe, S. E., Couper, M. P.
- An Experimental Comparison of Knowledge Networks and The GSS; 2002; Bradburn, N. M.
- Examining Item Non-Response in a Mixed Mode Customer Satisfaction Study; 2002; Burr, M. A., Famolaro, T., Levin, K.
- Web Survey Nonresponse Among Military Members; 2002; Caplan, J. R.
- Comparing Self-administered Computer Surveys and Auditory Interviews: An Experiment; 2002; Chang, L. C., Krosnick, J. A.
- Paper and Pencil versus Web Survey. Measurement Effects and Mode Differences; 2002; Fuchs, M.
- Usability Testing of Web Data Collection Instruments; 2002; Thalji, L., Antunes, M. J., Wiebe, E. F.
- Nonresponse Error and Mode Effects in the Web-Enabled Survey on Civic Attitudes and Behaviors after...; 2002; Thalji, L., Langer, M., Pulliam, P., Wiebe, E. F.
- Not Sure About "Don't Know"?: Effects of Response Choice in Mixed Mode Surveys; 2002; Terhanian, G., Thomas, R. K., Bremer, J., Smith, R.
- More Is Not Necessarily Better: Effects of Response Categories on Measurement Stability and Validity; 2002; Thomas, R. K., Uldall, B. R., Krosnick, J. A.
- A Web-based Experiment to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Vaccine Information Sheets; 2002; Turner, A., Thalji, L., Wagers, R., Laird, G., Heaps, W.
- Reliability and Validity of Web-based Surveys: Effects of Response Modality, Item Format, and Number...; 2002; Uldall, B. R., Thomas, R. K., Krosnick, J. A.
- Mode Effect in Web Surveys; 2002; Vehovar, V., Lozar Manfreda, K.
- Characteristics of Respondents to a Web Survey of the General Public; 2002; Tarnai, J., Thom, A.